Choosing the direction of development for programming training

Programming is in the field of view of many people. Someone is attracted by high salaries, and someone wants to create their own IT solution.

With this publication, I begin a cycle on how to become a programmer. The hashtag of the cycle is #wannacode.

In this article, you will find out what areas of development there are, how they differ and in which they pay more.

Choosing a direction is an important stage for a future programmer. The direction should correspond to your goals and interests. For lovers of everything beautiful, one direction is suitable, and for those who like algorithms and everything logical, another.

I identify several main areas - frontend, backend and fullstack. Let's look at each of them.

Direction: Frontend

We all regularly interact with the interfaces of websites, mobile, web, applications and PC applications. All these are frontend or client applications.

Here is a list of the main tasks of the front (frontend developer) include:

  • Interface layout. This is the process of converting the interface design into code used to display web pages or screens that consist of buttons, input fields and other interface elements.
  • Writing the logic of interaction with interface elements. This is a conversion into code of what should happen when the user interacts with the interface elements.
  • Writing the logic of interaction with the backend application. What is a backend and what is it for, we'll talk in the next section.

If you have a craving for everything beautiful, you are pedantic about visual design and want to see a visual representation of your works, then you can try this direction of development.

Direction: Backend

Imagine an online store. It can have several frontend applications: a website, a mobile application, an admin/moderator panel. Each of these applications must constantly interact with the database, for example, to create, edit or delete products. Do I really have to write database interaction code for each frontend application?

No. This is resource-intensive and unsafe. It is resource-intensive, because when you change the logic or the type of database, you will have to rewrite this part of the logic in all applications. It is not safe, because a database available on the general Internet is a tasty morsel for hackers.

The backend application is a component of the IT solution that is responsible for all the logic of interaction with the database and the general functions of the business logic of the product, such as authorization, file processing, interaction with online payment services.

The backend application does not have a graphical interface, and the tasks that it solves are more algorithmic.

According to statistics, the salaries of a backend developer are higher than those of a frontend.

If the visual component is not important to you, you like logical, algorithmic tasks and want to develop the "heart" of a comprehensive IT solution, then try this development direction.

Direction: Full Stack

A full-stack developer is an orchestra person who can write both a frontend and a backend part of a product.

Becoming a full-tech developer is a long-term goal. I recommend starting with the frontend or backend. Become a professional in the chosen direction, then switch to full-stack mode.

Full Stack is cool. You will be able to develop almost any product yourself and get a very good fee for it.


If you are a lover of visual beauty, take a closer look at frontend development, if you want to solve interesting algorithmic problems and develop the "heart" of IT solutions, sacrificing the visual component, take a closer look at backend development.

Do not hesitate to set a goal - to become a full-tech programmer, but start achieving it with the development of a backend or frontend skill.

If you feel that you need a mentor on this difficult path, then I am always at your service.



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